Legal stuff

I have copied the information below straight from the Vimeo website².
I have never seen anything written so clearly, so I’m I’m copying it:

What is a copyright?

A copyright is an intellectual property right in an original work of authorship. Each time you create something original — be it a photograph, a piece of writing, or a video — you are simultaneously creating a copyrighted work.
“Original” means you created it yourself — it doesn’t mean that the work has to be groundbreaking. Ideas alone aren’t copyrightable, nor are facts.
Example: You shoot a :30 video of your cat tap dancing in your dad’s favorite bow tie. Congratulations, you’ve just created a totally badass, copyrighted work! And wow, your cat rules.

What does it mean to hold a copyright?

When you create a copyrighted work, you own a certain bundle of rights. These include the rights to copy, distribute, publicly perform, adapt (or make derivative works from), and license the work. You can exercise these rights by yourself and, more importantly, you can prevent other people from exercising them. You can also sell (the legal term is “assign”) your copyrights to another person.More detail on the rights:

Copy = Duplicate all or part of the work in some fashion.
Example: Burning a video file to a DVD.

Distribute = Make copies of the work and make them available to the public in some fashion.
Example: Making multiple copies of your DVD and selling them online – or uploading your video to Vimeo so people can see it.

Publicly perform = Exhibit or perform the work in a public setting.
Example: Screening your video at a theater.

Adapt = Make a copy of some part of the original work, but refashion or incorporate it in a new work.
The resulting work is called a “derivative work.”
Example: A recut version of your video, or a sequel.

License = Grant other people all or some of the above rights.
Example: Giving a theater the right to screen your video or giving a distributor the right to distribute your film.

Do I have to include a copyright logo (©) to maintain my copyright?

No. Some people use the logo to let people know a work is copyrighted, but it’s not required.

² What I just did there is something called “attribution”, in other words, when you attribute the work as belonging to the original author/owner. The right of attribution is almost never forfeited by the original author. That means authors have the right to be attributed for their work, even if someone else owns the copyright. You cannot claim you are the author of something if you did not create it. Only the author can do that.